Major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) accounted for an estimated 91% of deaths and 87% of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in the EU in 2017, with diabetes being reported as the fourth leading cause of death, while hypertension also consists a major cause of premature death worldwide. Fuelled amongst others by rising overweight and obesity as well as increasingly sedentary lifestyle, the prevalence of obesity is further anticipated to increase over the next few years.
Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension Infographic
Across the world, 537 million people were living with diabetes in 2021, of whom 61 million in Europe, and this figure is anticipated to increase to 643 by 2030 (67 million in Europe). Furthermore, an estimated 1.28 billion adults aged 30-79 years worldwide have hypertension, most (two-thirds) living in low- and middle-income countries. In 2015, 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women had hypertension, while fewer than 1 in 5 people with hypertension have the problem under control. A WHO study estimated that more than 700 million people live with untreated hypertension.
Hypertension is approximately twice as prevalent in people living with diabetes compared to the general population.